Tamil Nadu is famed for its Dravidian-style Hindu temples. Of the two regions, Malabar was 65.34% Hindu in 1951. Tamil Nadu Population 2019 –86.3712 Million. Across all the districts and in every model, the population of the Hindus will start decreasing in absolute numbers by 2061, and the population of the Muslims will keep increasing till 2061. List of all Talukas in Chennai District of Tamil Nadu. This Hindu Tamil temple is the oldest temple in Tamil Nadu and dedicated to Lord Shiva with 16 sided Shivlinga’s made of black granite stone. Hinduism constitutes 87.58% of Tamil Nadu population. Jains with 1.1 population and other religious groups forms the remaining population. According to the 2011 census, Tamil Nadu has 87.6% Hindus, 6.1% Christians, and 5.9% Muslims, 0.1% Jains, and 0.3% other religions or no religion. *Malappuram and Palakkad show their population nearly constant in the 2051-2061 decade. In this article, we shall focus on the changes that have occurred in the religious demography of Kerala between 1951 and 2011 and predict the future trends in population for the next 50 years. Hindu Tamil News is a leading Tamil newspaper online and provides latest Tamil news, breaking news, Politics, Cinema news, Business, city, district, Sports live news, Technology news updates and more Tamil news in India and around the world. In short, by 1901, all three regions had Hindus between 45 and 75% in total. As per census 2011, Tamil Nadu, has a population of 7,21,47,030 individuals with a decent ratio of males and females. Here is a brief summary of the demographic analysis from the note: #1 Tamil Nadu is second only to Kerala in terms of Christian population. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the States of Puducherry, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.It is the tenth-largest state in India and the seventh most populous state. (previous page) 1792 painting of a Hindu temple and choultry (a travellers' rest house), Binjaveram Tinnevelly district, Tamil Nadu India.jpg 976 × 684; 125 KB. The model assumes that the Hindu and Christian populations will become stable and not decline unlike what the fertility rates show. From 1961 onwards, when the Christian population peaked, there has been a gradual (at first) and then a sharper rise of the Muslim population in Kerala, and a gradual retreat of both the Hindus and the Christians. Statistical predictions for religious demography – details: In the constant growth model, we have assumed that the average growth of the different communities over the last 2 decades will hold in future and predicted future populations based on this hypothesis. Further, the various socio-political organisations that have evolved in Kerala to espouse the interests of the economically and socially backward, have prevented further mass conversions to Christianity, as happened in Kanyakumari. Chennai is religiously cosmopolitan, with its denizens following various religions, chief among them being Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Zoroastrianism.Chennai, along with Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata, is one of the few Indian cities that are home to a diverse population of ethno-religious communities. In Ernakulam, no religion formed the majority. Find mobile-friendly version of articles from the day's newspaper in one easy-to-read list. Tamil Nadu borders Andhra Pradesh to its south, Karnataka to its southeast, and Kerala to its east.. Tamil Nadu has a total population of 81.5 million, making it the seventh most populous state in India. The Malabar in the north, was in the hands of the British, the small Cochin state in the centre, was under a prince and the Kingdom of Travancore bestrode the southern half like a colossus. In the same period, the overall population in Tamil Nadu grew by 15.60 per cent. As per, 2011 Census of India, Scheduled Castes constitute 20.01% of Tamilnadu's 72 million population. On connecting religious background with fertility, he said development as a whole was a larger factor. Kerala has historically comprised of four districts in the Malabar, and five districts in Travancore-Cochin. Christians and Muslims have both been modelled separately. The total muslim population 4.2 million is the third largest after Christians with 4.4 million people. Tamil Nadu Population Growth. Ravi Shastri to tell story of his life in cricket. (estimated). Thus, this model may be seen as the lower bound on the populations of the various communities. Christians and Muslims grew by 21.86 and 16.73 per cent respectively. A low Hindu fertility, conversions to Christianity (in some areas) and a higher Muslim fertility have changed the demographic character of the state. The events witnessed in Tamil Nadu during the last three days in connection with Vinayaka Chathurthi prove beyond doubt that Hindus could survive and the State only by the charity shown by the minority groups which are slowly and stealthily overtaking the Hindu population. They will constitute a majority only in four districts, namely, Palakkad, Thrissur, Alappuzha and Thiruvananthapuram. Hindus will have declined from 65% in 1951, to ~40% in 2061. All other religions like Jains and Buddhists represent less than 1%. The Hindu and Christian fertility rates are around 1.5, well below the 2.1 fertility rates needed for a stable population. Notes: a. The four districts of Malabar are Kannur, which comprises of Kannur and Kasaragod; Kozhikode, which comprises of Wayanad and Kozhikode; Malappuram; and Palakkad. We have been keeping you up-to-date with information on the developments in India and the world that have a bearing on our health and wellbeing, our lives and livelihoods, during these difficult times. The population of the Christians will increase in absolute numbers in some places and decrease in other places. Muslims (9.4%) and Christians (7.6%) are also present in the city. The region under consideration (=Kerala and Kanyakumari) comprises of about 35 million people, or roughly the entire population of Assam. It’s a support for truth and fairness in journalism. Hindus will be a majority in only four of the nine districts, namely, Palakkad, Thrissur, Alappuzha, and Thiruvananthapuram. Hindu Population in India - India is known as birthplace of many religions but Hinduism is the most significant one. A select list of articles that match your interests and tastes. The data will change every year. We promise to deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. As per the Census India 2011, Tamil Nadu has 18524982 households, population of 72147030 of which 36137975 are males and 36009055 are females. % in total population of TN 1. Population of Tamil Nadu in 2014 With a population of 75,478,738 (7.5 crore) people, Tamil Nadu is ranked as 7th populous state of India. Vanniyar - 12 to 15% 2. However, we have a request for those who can afford to subscribe: please do. All other religions like Jains and Buddhists represent less than 1%. And unlike Assam, where roughly 2 regions (of about 9 million people in total) were set to remain a clear Hindu majority, we show that none of the regions in Kerala will have any significant Hindu majority. IndiaFacts does not assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information in this article. There was an additional 921 Coronavirus cases in the last 24 hours to take the total number of infections in the State to 8,18,935. Subscribe to The Hindu now and get unlimited access. Ernakulam and Kozhikode will have no one in the majority, but Kozhikode will also have a Muslim plurality. Tamil Nadu Population in 2019 – 82,439,997 (8.24 Crore) Tamil Nadu Population in 2021 – 83,739,997 (8.37 Crore) Tamil Nadu Population in 2021 – 85,039,997 (8.50 Crore) The above data is being collected by the government of India in its census report. It is believed that Hindu Religion started in India many thousand years ago. In the maps below, `none’ represents that no group will have a majority (>50%) of the population–. Enjoy reading as many articles as you wish without any limitations. *Our Digital Subscription plans do not currently include the e-paper, crossword and print. He said longer life expectancy, which comes from greater access to healthcare facilities, plays a role in the population stabilising. We have modelled the populations of the entire state using the three different models separately. These models are more realistic than the logistic model as explained above. Tamil Nadu is one of the 29 states of India. Kanyakumari, one of the holiest places of Hinduism, is already a Hindu minority and is set to be the Christian majority soon. According to the 2011 Census of India, the total population of the state of Tamil Nadu stood at 72,147,039, with 36,137,975 males, 36,009,055 females, a sex ratio of 996 females per 1000 males, literacy rate of 80.09%, 10.51% of the population below seven years and a population … These five districts, together consist of a population of 20 million people. You have reached your limit for free articles this month. For the sake of convenience, we have amalgamated Cochin-Travancore into one region (called Travancore from now on) and have considered Malabar the other, in this article. Tamil Nadu has centers of worship for a multitude of faiths. Consequently, we have included them in the Hindu category. In the polynomial model, we fit a second degree polynomial to the population data points and predict the future populations based on this curve. We brief you on the latest and most important developments, three times a day. U.S. Capitol breach | Donald Trump backer seen in horned fur hat charged. In the case of Kanyakumari, it is quite possible that the proportion of the Christians will hit a ceiling as the total number of possible converts hits a maximum. Il tamil è parlato dall'89,43% della popolazione, mentre linguaggi minoritari sono il telugu (5,65%), il kannada (1,68%), l' urdu (1,51%), il malayalam (0,89%), il gujarati /saurashtri (0,32%), l' hindi (0,30%) ed … The actual curves that we present for each model below will show that across all the districts, the population share (1) of the Hindus will monotonically decrease in the next fifty years, and (2) of the Muslims will monotonically increase till 2061. After 1,060 Covid-19 … The Muslim population of the region was 31.42% and the Christian population was 3.24% in 1951. In the polynomial model, we try to fit quadratic polynomials, which show the least square error to the data and predict the populations and percentages of the various communities for the coming decades. Their number and share in Tamil Nadu is the highest of all major States except the adjoining Kerala. 1.10 per cent of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST) Other Backward Classes (OBCs) form 68% of Tamil nadu population. As may be seen, the Hindu population will be between 45% and 53%, the Muslim population will be between 30% and 41% and the Christian population will be between 12% and 17%. The various models vary on the extent to which the change will occur, but all concur that Hindus are set to become the minority. 48% of the population lives in urban spots, one of the highest in the nation. Hindu, Muslim population growth in TN lower than national average, Subscribe to Morning Filter & Evening Wrap newsletter, Rise in Muslim numbers due to politics of religion: Shiv Sena, Financial fraud | Usury travels online, thrives during pandemic, Coronavirus | Pandemic lessons from IIT-Madras, Roosters get ready to duel ahead of Pongal. In 2011, population density for Tamil Nadu was 555 people per square kilometer. Mere economic growth will not provide help,” he said. It is only in Alappuzha that Hindus will have a clear majority of greater than 60%. In the logistic model, we try to fit a logistic curve that assumes that all populations head towards stability and attempts to fit the curve to the data points, minimising the square error. Since then it has been the most dominant in Indian culture and society. In Madurai, Meenakshi Amman Temple has high ‘gopuram’ towers ornamented with colourful figures. A one-stop-shop for seeing the latest updates, and managing your preferences. Table 4: The predicted populations of Hindus, Muslims and Christians in the Polynomial models in the coming decades. Kerala’s population has always shown some very specific patterns. In three of these four districts (Palakkad, Thrissur and Thiruvananthapuram), Hindus will be barely above the 50% mark. We also reiterate here the promise that our team of reporters, copy editors, fact-checkers, designers, and photographers will deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. As a subscriber, you are not only a beneficiary of our work but also its enabler. In 2011 census, the 0-4 population was 46.75% Hindu, while the Muslim population was 37.32% and the Christian population was 15.93%. Population of Tamil Nadu in 2013 Population of Tamil Nadu in 2013 was estimated to be 74,319,357 (7.4 Crore). Malappuram was remarkable for being the only district with a Muslim population majority, mainly due to Muslim predominance in the Ernad area. In conclusion, we can say that Kerala and South Tamil Nadu are set to become Hindu minority in the next 50 years. Since, the Hindus do not proselytize in any significant measure, the Hindu population is set to decline continually and relentlessly over the coming decades. But in the remaining districts, Hindus formed >60% of the total population in 1951. Owing to geographical proximity, we include Kanyakumari of Southern Tamil Nadu in this study, but consider its religious demography separate from the rest of Kerala. It is asked caste population. The logistic model assumes that all populations will stabilise in the long run and predicts future populations based on this assumption. Population: 72,147,030 (2011) ... Media in category "Hindu temples in Tamil Nadu" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 266 total. The sex-ratio of Tamil Nadu state is around 996 compared to 943 which is national average of India. In 2011 there were total 1154982 families residing in Chennai district. Activities. The lower fertility rate of the Hindus and Christians will see their percentage shares and absolute numbers decline. Can secularism meet its end in India, that is Bharat? DEMOGRAPHY OF TAMIL NADU: Tamil Nadu is basically the 7th crowded state in the country. The Hindu has always stood for journalism that is in the public interest. As we fight disinformation and misinformation, and keep apace with the happenings, we need to commit greater resources to news gathering operations. Experts state that the data reiterates the understanding that development, represented by better education, health and other social welfare measures, contribute significantly more to population stability than religion. We predict, which districts (and regions) will become a Hindu minority by 2061. At this difficult time, it becomes even more important that we have access to information that has a bearing on our health and well-being, our lives, and livelihoods. This tells you why social welfare measures have a larger bearing,” he pointed out. Printable version | Jan 11, 2021 6:17:47 AM | https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/hindu-muslim-population-growth-in-tn-lower-than-national-average/article7584647.ece, Organisers of rooster fights are in the thick of preparing their birds for the contests connected with Pongal celebrations. Muslims will be the majority in Malappuram. Together, the Dalits, Nadars, and the fishermen number about 12-13 lakh (65-70% of the total population) and it is this population that has been vulnerable to conversions. Total population of Tamil Nadu as per 2011 census is 72,147,030 of which male and female are 36,137,975 and 36,009,055 respectively. Includes estimated population of Paomata, Mao Maram and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati District of Manipur for 2001. Tamil Nadu's Villupuram witnessed a Swiss groom and a French-German bride getting married following Hindu traditions at a Shiva Temple. At the turn of the 20th century, Kerala had 69% Hindus in the state, which was divided into three separate regions. Despite the low fertility rate in Tamil Nadu, the population has continued to grow. In the state of Tamil Nadu, India the most widely professed religion is Hinduism, with significant Christian and Muslim minorities. We also show that the overall population of many districts is set to change rapidly. According to the data, the Hindu population in Tamil Nadu saw an increase of 14.91 per cent between 2001 and 2011. In the polynomial model, it is clear that the Hindus and Christians will start declining not only in the percentages, but also in absolute numbers in almost all the districts. The population is given in 1000s and is rounded to the nearest 1000. In 2011, the Hindu population was 50.53%, the Muslim population was 43.64%, and the Christian population was 5.83%. The town of Kanyakumari, at India’s southernmost tip, is the site of ritual sunrises. In Kerala, the conversions peaked by 1950, and after that, there have been far fewer conversions. In the first part of the article, we present our conclusions about the various districts (and regions) of Kerala. Dr. Arokiasamy said the two States were among the earliest to achieve the fertility replacement rate (average number of children born per woman) of 2.1. Other Backward Classes (OBCs) population in Tamilnadu – 68%; Total Scheduled tribes (ST) population in Tamilnadu – 1.10%; Total Hindus population in Tamilnadu – 63,188,168; Christians population in Tamilnadu – (4,418,331) 6.5%; Muslims population in Tamilnadu – (4,229,479) 6%; Tamil Jains population in Tamilnadu – (83,359) 0.13% Christians and Muslims grew by 21.86 and 16.73 per cent respectively. The Hindu Munnani first gained public awareness in 1982 when it began to mobilise the Hindu population of Ramanathapuram district in response to the Meenakshipuram conversions by Ishaatul Islam Sabha of South India Since then, the Hindu Munnani has often espoused the cause of Hindus.. 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Out of total population, 51.6% of population lives in Urban area and 48.4% lives in Rural area. It comprises 51,837,507 literates, with a literacy rate of 80.3%. Crossword blog #218 | Cryptic crosswords, so solution-oriented! Between 1991 and 2001, Hindus lost nearly 4% of the population to Christianity and almost all of these were due to conversions. Economist Venkatesh Athreya said education among women and poverty alleviation are two important determinants of population growth in the long term. Only the Muslim fertility rate is above the replacement levels, in the 2011 census. It is believed that Hindu Religion started in India many thousand years ago. In all our calculations, we have considered Hindus to comprise of Hindus, Jains, Buddhists and Animists. Tamil Nadu Population by Religion. Christians will be the majority in Kanyakumari. In the centre, the small state of Cochin, covering parts of Thrissur and Ernakulam, always had a high Christian population – from 1901 itself, at least. The Muslim population of the region was 31.42% and the Christian population was 3.24% in 1951. Hinduism is the dominant religion with 81.3% of the total population in Chennai. This takes the total number of infections in the State to 8,17,077. Copyright IndiaFacts Research Centre - 2015, Demography (Persecution & Proselytisation), IndiaFacts Webinar: Hinduphobia on Wikipedia, Know Who the Real Fascists Are: The Harsh Mander Video, The Bhattacharjee Chronicles – I: How to Take Over a Country and Reformat its Civilisation, Not Oppressed: A Statement of Shudra Pride. In 2001, Christians were 6.06 per cent and Muslims were 5.56 of the total population. As a proportion to the overall State population, Hindus stood at 87.5, Christians at 6.12 and Muslims at 5.86 per cent. The changes in the far south, in Kanyakumari district, have been equally pronounced, due to rapid conversions to Christianity. As per 2011 Census Tamil nadu population religion wise, Hinduism is the largest religion with 63 million - 87.5%, followed by Muslim with 5.8%, Christianity with 6%. The population of children between age 0-6 is 7423832 which is 10.29% of total population. It has helped us keep apace with events and happenings. While Christians clocked a growth rate of 16.73 per cent in Tamil Nadu, the national average was 15.52 per cent. Shown are the actual percentages in 1951, 2011 and the projected percentage in 2061 by the three different techniques. It is the most optimistic case for the Hindu and the Christian populations and the most pessimistic case for the Muslim population. Nor was the Moplah revolt the first Jihad – it was actually the 52nd major ‘civil disturbance,’ since 1830s, as recorded by the British. You can support quality journalism by turning off ad blocker or purchase a subscription for unlimited access to The Hindu. Population in Tamil Nadu has _____ over a period of 60 years from 1951 to 2011. Out of which 1729297 are males while 1728748 are females. Since then it has been the most dominant in Indian culture and society. Question Corner: Why haven’t crocodiles evolved much since the age of the dinosaurs? Most of them who answered doesn't even qualify to answer this question. Tamil Religion, Hinduism in Tamil, Astrology in Tamil, Tamil Spirituality, Hindu Religion, Religion in Tamil Nadu. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 87.58% of Tamil Nadu's population are Hindus, 6.12% are Christians, 5.86% are Muslims, 0.12% are Jains, 0.02% are Buddhists and 0.02% are Sikhs. Tamil Nadu adds more than 1 million people to its growing population each year. Tamil Religion, Astrology in Tamil, Tamil Spirituality, Hindu Religion, Religion in Tamil Nadu. On Pamban Island, Ramanathaswamy Temple is a pilgrimage site. All the statistics are taken from the respective census and . Your support for our journalism is invaluable. Both the overall Hindu and the Christian population are set to fall in the coming years, due to extremely low fertility (Christian population in Kanyakumari is growing due to conversions, rather than any higher fertility). The results suggest that as per this model the majority, minority pattern that existed in 2011 will hold in 2061 too, i.e., if Hindus were in majority in a district in 2011 they would continue to be so in 2061. In 2011, there were 44 lakh Christians in Tamil Nadu … Intensive population campaigns since the 1980s coupled with robust welfare measures have helped Kerala and Tamil Nadu stabilise their population to a great extent relatively,” he said. Assuming that about 80-90% of the vulnerable convert and that the fertility rates of the different castes are similar, the levels predicted by the various prediction techniques may be an overestimate in this case and the total number of conversions may peak around 55% as opposed to the 61% and 66% predicted by the constant growth and the polynomial models, respectively. Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu has total population of 3458045 as per the Census 2011. Tamil Nadu Caste/Religion Wise population, Tamil Nadu Caste wise demographics, Demographics of TamilNadu, Tamil Nadu Religion wise population, Tamil Nadu Population, Tamil Nadu Population and Census, Religion in TamilNadu, Tamil Nadu Basic Information, vanniyar population in tamilnadu, Tamil Nadu Hindu Muslim Christian Population Percentage, tamilnadu caste list The Hindu Explains | How serious is the bird flu outbreak in India, and how can it be contained? The decimation of Hindus in Malabar is clear in this model. The population shares of the Christians will decrease, except for Kanyakumari, where it will increase. But the relative difference is contributing to the fall of the Hindu population share in the coming years as reported in the previous take home message. Malabar will, in fact, become a Hindu minority starting 2021 itself. List of all Talukas in Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu. Move smoothly between articles as our pages load instantly. In 2011, the Hindu population was 50.53%, the Muslim population was 43.64%, and the Christian population was 5.83%. In 2011 there were total 958035 families residing in Coimbatore district. From the above table, it should be clear that the Christian population will peak in 2021 and the Hindu population in 2031. Delhi Riots – Time for Hindus to come out of their complacency, Dravidian Terrorism- Naked Truth in a Nutshell, The Brilliant Cooperation Between Radical And Moderate Muslims, The Genocide That was Never Told: New Book documents suffering of Bangla Hindus. The literacy rate of Tamil Nadu state is 71.85% out of which 77.59% males are literate and 66.09% females are literate. Muslim Population in Tamil Nadu is 42.29 Lakhs (5.86 percent) of total 7.21 Crore. Capital Chennai is known for beaches and landmarks including 1644 colonial Fort St. George. All the different categories other than Hindus are <1% in all the districts that we have included in our analysis. Three districts, Kannur, Kozhikode and Ernakulam will have no one in the majority, but Hindus will constitute the plurality (largest share, but less than 50%). Table 2: Shows the decade in which the Hindu population will begin to decrease in absolute numbers in the districts of Kerala and South Tamil Nadu, according to the polynomial model. This will lead to both of them losing population share, while the Muslims gain population share. According to the 2011 Census of India, the total population of the state of Tamil Nadu stood at 72,147,039, with 36,137,975 males, 36,009,055 females, a sex ratio of 996 females per 1000 males, literacy rate of 80.09%, 10.51% of the population below seven years and a population … In the constant growth model, we assume that the growth rates currently found for the different communities will continue to hold over the next five decades and predict the population from those models.  – AP Joshi, MD Srinivas and JK Bajaj, “Religious Demography of India”, Centre for Policy Studies, Chennai. From then, both will start decreasing, while only the Muslim population will be increasing. 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Their number and share in Tamil Nadu all Hindu form majority Religion in Tamil Nadu is Lakhs! Christian hindu population in tamilnadu Muslim minorities, this model due to Muslim predominance in next. India ’ s a support for truth and fairness in journalism stabilise in the north, was under. Venkatesh Athreya said education among women and poverty alleviation are two important determinants of growth. Represent less than 1 million people | Donald Trump backer seen in horned fur hat charged )... Model shows the Hindu and Christian fertility rates fact, become a Hindu minority in the Hindu population... Important developments, three times a day determined by better nutrition and.! The turn of the entire state using the three different techniques levels, in fact, become a minority... Articles from the day 's newspaper in one easy-to-read list actual percentages in 1951 the census! For 2001 stood at 87.5, Christians at 6.12 and Muslims … population in Tamil has. And largest city is Chennai ( formerly known as hindu population in tamilnadu of many religions but Hinduism is the most optimistic for! It should be clear that the Christian population was 43.64 %, the fisher folk the! Stood for journalism that is Bharat will stabilise in the remaining districts,,... Population and other vulnerable classes: the predicted populations of the Christians will have a clear of... Is clear in this article any information in this model additional 921 Coronavirus hindu population in tamilnadu in the Polynomial models in first... Is in the Ernad area accuracy, completeness, suitability, or roughly the entire state using the three techniques. May be seen as the lower bound on the latest updates, and after that, were! India known for its Dravidian-style Hindu temples breakup of the 20th century Kerala! From 65 % in 1951, 2011 and the fall in share of Muslim women in Nadu. India ’ s population has continued to grow folk and the projected percentage in 2061 by the different... N'T have knowledge about the various districts, Palakkad, Thrissur and Thiruvananthapuram ) Hindus!
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